两个立方体构建的奇趣住宅 Duplex Tibbaut
设计 \ Design：Raúl Sánchez
摄影 \ Photography Credits：José Hevia
▲空间视觉主体 The Boxes
项目位于巴塞罗那拉瓦尔区的中心，是一栋上下两层的老式住宅楼，因为年久失修十分衰败，在楼群之中毫不起眼。业主委托Raul Sanchez Architects进行空间重塑，希望将上层空间用来居住和休息，而下层空间则作为工作、学习、休闲的综合功能区。
The starting point was two independent dwellings on top of each other on the ground floor and mezzanine of a modest, old apartment building between dividing walls in the heart of the Raval (Barcelona). Both dwellings were in an absolute state of neglect and disrepair. The client's requirement was to concentrate the main living spaces on the mezzanine floor and expand them on the ground floor with other spaces with more diffuse functions that could be used as living room, study, work area.
▲空间视觉主体 The Boxes
The proposal is clear and direct: in the middle of the space, insert two 2-meter side squares rotated 45º over the dominant axis, their vertices overlapping without touching the original walls, and extruded through both floors. A simple and resounding arrangement in which two ideal shapes, two perfect extruded squares, are imposed on the existing irregularity and arrange all the floor space without the need for any other means or elements.
One of the squares will hold the stairs communicating both floors, and the other will house the bedroom on the upper floor and the toilet and office spaces on the ground floor. The very rotation of these squares results in the specialization of the space around it without needing any additional doors or enclosures (except those that provide the required privacy to bathrooms and bedrooms), since the new volumes, as they approach and move away from the perimeter walls, define these areas.
▲入口门厅 Entrance Floor
The proposal's emphasis runs parallel to the sought-after inner spatial complexity and a firm intention to underplay the different areas and circulation. Thus, the stairs are enclosed in one of the volumes, and their spiral pattern aims to disorient and conceal to surprise at the landings; for the same purpose, there are multiple axes of symmetry that double up circulation and enhance the spatial experience.
The highly reinforced top floor structure is cut off before touching the façade to reach it with a glazed floor pane, linking both floors, and thus isolating the existing façade wall, including the outer sliding carpentry are placed in that wall’s interior plane; no element touches the volumes, which are read independently inside, ending just before they touch the ceiling.
▲厨房及餐厅 Kitchen and Dining Room
▲ 对视空间 The View Connection
the enclosed bathroom area on the upper floor, the most isolated and private of the whole, mirrors and unfolds its negative space, a double-height empty area linking both floors; lights, door knobs, shower heads, drains……all elements replicate the 45° turn with respect to the surface where they are inserted ……
▲ 卧室 Bedroom
▲ 卫生间 Bathroom
The treatment of colors and materials highlights the two extruded volumes, which are coated in glossy, gold finish paint mixed with gold powder and varnished, surrounded by white cladding (microcement and paint) covering and coating the existing perimeters. The inside of the staircase, dug into one of the volumes, is a dark world of black contrasting with the exterior whites, just as the bed area in the bedroom, excavated into another of the volumes and covered with painted OSB wood boards and varnished in black. The door frames (all glass) and openings are either brass or black steel, depending on the area to which they give access; hinges and handles are also brass or chrome……
▲ 空间色调 The Treatment of The Color
From the outset, the structural intervention required overhauling the foundation, high precision in placing the central squares, as well as the precise cutting of the existing wooden beams for the openings and double heights. The cut wooden beams either rest on the new steel porticos or lean on the lower wing of the new beams, always for the purpose of allowing the clean extrusion of the squares.
On the ground floor, three existing paintings of Brazilian origin have been preserved, and the proposed inside circulation places them right at the stairs exit. These paintings are the reason the client, of Brazilian origin herself, initially decided to buy these two properties and undertake the project.
项目名称 / Project：Duplex Tibbaut
设计公司 / Studio：Esrawe Studio
建筑设计 / Architect：Raúl Sánchez
实习助理 / Architecture Interns：Pau Just / Victor Lorente
工程配合 / Engineering：Marés ingenieros
结构配合 / Structure：Francisco Moyano
项目摄影 / Photographer：José Hevia
建筑面积 / Built Area：110㎡
项目预算 / Budget：125.000€
完工时间 / Time of Completion：2017.08
项目地址 / Address：巴塞罗那Raval neighborhood (Barcelona)
Raul Sanchez Architects
Raul Sanchez建筑工作室由建筑师Raúl Sánchez成立于巴塞罗那，专注于建筑与室内设计。
Raul Sanchez Architects is an architecture and design practice based in barcelona, founded by Raúl Sánchez.
Raúl Sánchez (Linares, 1978) graduated architect from the architecture school in Granada, Spain. Since 2005 resides and works in Barcelona developing a professional activity which escapes specialization in order to cover all types of work and projects related to architecture, urbanism, design, and resources, ideas and techniques management. Regardless of the type, scale, location or budget, every new work is a new challenge.